The grapevine has always been a constant feature in Valtellina’s agriculture. Its cultivation has played a significant role in the history of the valley throughout the centuries and has modified the agricultural landscape as well as influenced the economic life of its inhabitants.
The valley boasts more than ten centuries of enological history and tradition during which writers and poets, including Carducci, praised Valtellina’s wines in their immortal masterpieces.
Along the side of the valley known as Retico, which enjoys a better exposure to the sun, an unusual landscape contrasts with the woods and the flat valley bottom, highlighting how the work of man has transformed the landscape into a network of vineyards, steep terraces and an imposing grid of chestnut stakes which bear testimony to the great wine civilization.
April is the best season to organize trips to the vineyards as nature is awakening and Valtellina’s steep slopes are covered in greenery. Visit the wine cellars and discover the valley’s cuisine with stops at the restaurants and ‘trattorie’ along the trails.
VALTELLINA: RED WINES BORN FROM THE COLD
Since Roman times the Valtellina has been the land of vineyards and wine and, even before the First Millennium, the wine produced from its vineyards was prized and important.
Today as then, when going down the valley you must be struck by the extraordinary system of more than 2500 km of terracing, built along the contours with myriads of dry-stone walls that make vine cultivation possible in the best and sunniest areas of the Rhaetian Alps.
A true treasure and the procedure has been started for inclusion in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
The red wines made in this area are produced using Nebbiolo grapes; it is a fine late-maturing vine that, has created over the centuries a perfect harmony with the soil, leading to unique wines such as the Valtellina Sforzato or Sfursat, whose name comes from the traditional practice of drying the grapes, which has been done in the Valtellina since ancient times.
The wine is obtained by hand selecting the best bunches of grapes and then leaving them to dry on wooden lattices placed inside a dry and well-aired room, the “Fruttaio”,
During this winter period the climate of the Valtellina does the rest of the work and thus favours the drying and shrinking of the bunches of grapes.
At the end of January the grape has lost about 40% of its weight, the fruit has dried and the concentrated juice has .
After pressing, a slow fermentation period follows and at least 24 months ageing and refining, first in wood and then in bottles. Valtellina Sforzato is thus a unique expression of a vine, the Nebbiolo and the area of this fascinating Alpine valley.
Valtellina Superiore is always made using Nebbiolo grapes and is divided into five sub-denominations: Maroggia, Sassella, Grumello, Inferno and Valgella that, like Sforzato, are proudly entitled to the DOCG.
For further information:
Ufficio turistico Sondrio
Trieste, 12 – 23100 Sondrio (SO)
+39 0342 512500 – Fax +39 0342 212590
Strada del Vino e dei Sapori di Valtellina / Valtellina Wine and Food Trail
Via Piazzi, 23 – 23100 Sondrio (SO)
Tel. +39 0342 212790
Text courtesy of Provincia di Sondrio Ufficio Turismo
Lombardia in Cucina: The Flavours of Lombardy
Milan-style risotto, pizzoccheri Valtellinesi, and pumpkin tortelli to start; casoeula, Milan-style cutlets, frogs stewed in tomato to follow, and to send, a slice of sbrisolona cake or panettone.
Lombardy surprises with the richness of its culinary traditions and natural ingredients, which modernity has barely affected.
"Milano in Cucina" captures this kaleidoscope of flavours, with contributions from some of the most celebrated chefs on the culinary scene, who pay homage to their territory, and whose skill is able to present a modern vision in keeping with the region's progressive spirit.
The Italian Academy of Cuisine
La Cucina: The Regional Cooking of Italy
Fifty years ago, a group of Italian scholars gathered to discuss a problem: how to preserve traditional Italian cooking. They formed the Italian Academy of Cuisine to document classic recipes from every region. The academy’s more than seven thousand associates spread out to villages everywhere, interviewing grandmothers and farmers at their stoves, transcribing their recipes—many of which had never been documented before. This is the culmination of that research, an astounding feat—2,000 recipes that represent the patrimony of Italian country cooking. Each recipe is labeled with its region of origin, and it’s not just the ingredients but also the techniques that change with the geography. Sprinkled throughout are historical recipes that provide fascinating views into the folk culture of the past. There are no fancy flourishes here, and no shortcuts; this is true salt-of-the-earth cooking. The book is an excellent everyday source for easily achievable recipes, with such simple dishes as White Bean and Escarole Soup, Polenta with Tomato Sauce, and Chicken with Lemon and Capers. For ease of use there are four different indexes. La Cucina is an essential reference for every cook’s library.
Milano in Cucina: The Flavours of Milan
The famous Risotto Alla Milanese gets its golden hue from the precious spice saffron. Legend has it that the dish came about when a Milanese painter decided to gild the risotto served at his wedding banquet with a harmless gold-colored dye. In Milan, they traditionally serve Risotto Alla Milanese with ossobuco (braised veal shank).
Traditionally made with raisins and candied citron, or with a creamy cream filling, the light, fluffy brioche-like bread called panettone may be tall or short, covered with chocolate or flavored with various liquors, but it’s always a symbol of the Christmas season.
With its hallmark domed shape, panettone graced Christmas tables in Milan since at least the 15th-century. Common knowledge claims its invention is from Milan. It is the most famous Christmas Lombardia food.
The Pax side of the Moon featuring Cesareo
Lombardia (Dicon tutti che sei mia) Quarantine Version - feat. Cesareo (Quarantine Version)